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SFB 1192

Project A8

Role of dendritic cells in crescentic glomerulonephritis

Kidney dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages (MF) are central regulators in crescentic glomerulonephritis (cGN) and in other types of kidney disease. Their functionality is affected by numerous factors, such as cytokines, chemokines and complement components. We previously showed that the chemokine receptor CX3CR1 specifically recruits DCs into the renal cortex, where they drove progression of cGN. In the last funding period, we discovered that a) the only CX3CR1 ligand, CX3CL1, is ectopically upregulated in the medulla and cortex of the inflamed kidney, b) that loss of CX3CL1 attenuates cGN, c) generated mice lacking complement receptors (CR) 3 and 4 and studied the effects of complement on hypertensive kidney disease, and d) established techniques for single cell transcriptome analysis of renal DC/MF. In the next funding period, we would like to address the following topics: 1) Role of ectopic CX3CL1 expression in repositioning of renal DC/MF within the inflamed kidney in cGN, 2) CX3CL1 expression as a diagnostic parameter in biopsies of kidney disease patients. 3) Role of CR3/4 in DC activation in cGN. 4) Transcriptomic profiling of intrarenal single DCs/MFs during cGN and alignment with data from patients with cGN. Our long-term aim is to obtain a better understanding of renal DC/MF in cGN and identify targets for therapeutic strategies.


  • Immune tolerance against infused FVIII in hemophilia A is mediated by PD-L1+ Tregs

    Janine Becker-Gotot, Mirjam Meissner, Vadim Kotov, Blanca Jurado-Mestre, Andrea Maione, Andreas Pannek, Thilo Albert, Chrystel Flores, Frank A Schildberg, Paul A Gleeson, Birgit M Reipert, Johannes Oldenburg, Christian KurtsJ Clin Invest. 2022 Nov

  • Monocyte-derived macrophages aggravate pulmonary vasculitis via cGAS/STING/IFN-mediated nucleic acid sensing.

    Nina Kessler, Susanne F Viehmann, Calvin Krollmann, Karola Mai, Katharina M Kirschner, Hella Luksch, Prasanti Kotagiri, Alexander M C Böhner, Dennis Huugen, Carina C de Oliveira Mann, Simon Otten, Stefanie A I Weiss, Thomas Zillinger, Kristiyana Dobrikova, Dieter E Jenne, Rayk Behrendt, Andrea Ablasser, Eva Bartok, Gunther Hartmann, Karl-Peter Hopfner, Paul A Lyons, Peter Boor, Angela Rösen-Wolff, Lino L Teichmann, Peter Heeringa, Christian Kurts, Natalio GarbiJ Exp Med. 2022 Oct

  • Generation of an alpaca serum that induces immune-mediated crescentic glomerulonephritis in mice.

    Ermanila Dhana, Daniela Klaus, Alexander Böhner, Florian Schmidt, Sibylle von Vietinghoff, Peter Boor, Sonja Djudjaj, Christian KurtsJ Immunol Methods. 2022 Aug

  • Renal Denervation Exacerbates LPS- and Antibody-induced Acute Kidney Injury, but Protects from Pyelonephritis in Mice.

    Alexander M C Böhner, Alice M Jacob, Christoph Heuser, Natascha E Stumpf, Alexander Effland, Zeinab Abdullah, Catherine Meyer-Schwesiger, Sibylle von Vietinghoff, Christian Kurts J Am Soc Nephrol. 2021 Oct

  • Drawing a single-cell landscape of the human kidney in (pseudo)-space and time.

    Krebs CF, Schlitzer A, Kurts C.Kidney Int. 2020 May

  • A high-salt diet compromises antibacterial neutrophil responses through hormonal perturbation.

    Jobin K, Stumpf NE, Schwab S, Eichler M, Neubert P, Rauh M, Adamowski M, Babyak O, Hinze D, Sivalingam S, Weisheit C, Hochheiser K, Schmidt SV, Meissner M, Garbi N, Abdullah Z, Wenzel U, Hölzel M, Jantsch J, Kurts C Sci Transl Med. 2020 Mar

  • Protecting the kidney against autoimmunity and inflammation.

    Christian Kurts, Catherine Meyer-SchwesingerNat Rev Nephrol. 2018 Dec

  • The chemokine receptor CX3CR1 reduces renal injury in mice with angiotensin II induced hypertension

    Ahadzadeh E, Rosendahl A, Czesla D, Steffens P, Prüßner L, Meyer-Schwesinger C, Wanner N, Paust H, Huber T, Stahl R, Wiech T, Kurts C, Seniuk A, Ehmke H, Wenzel UAm J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2018 Sep

  • Pro-longed IKKβ inhibition improves ongoing CTL antitumor responses by incapacitating regulatory T cells.

    Heuser C, Gotot J, Piotrowski EC, Philipp MS, Courrèges JF, Otte MS, Guo L, Schmid-Burgk JL, Hornung V, Heine AK, Knolle PA, Garbi N, Serfling E, Evaristo C, Thaiss F, Kurts C.Cell Rep. 2017 Oct

  • Fully automated evaluation of total glomerular num-ber and capillary tuft size in murine nephritic kidneys using lightsheet microscopy.

    Klingberg A, Hasenberg A, Ludwig-Portugall I, Medyukhina A, Männ L, Brenzel A, Engel DR, Figge MT, Kurts C, Matthias GunzerJ Am Soc Nephrol. 2017 Feb

  • Inhibitor of NFκB Kinase Subunit 2 Blockade Hinders the Initiation but Ag-gravates the Progression of crescentic glomerulonephritis.

    Gotot J, Piotrowski E, Otte MS, Tittel AP, Guo L, Yao C, Ziegelbauer K, Panzer U, Garbi N, Kurts C, Thaiss FJ Am Soc Nephrol. 2016 Jul

  • A NLRP3-specific inflammasome inhibitor potently attenuates crystal-induced kidney fibrosis in vivo.

    Ludwig-Portugall I,*, Bartok E,* Dhana E, Evers BDG, Primiano MJ, Hall PJ, Franklin BS, Hornung V, Hartmann G, Boor P, Latz E, Kurts C.Kidney Int 2016

  • The complement receptor C5aR1 contributes to renal damage but protects the heart in angiotensin II-induced hypertension. 

    Weiss S, Rosendahl A, Czesla D, Meyer-Schwesinger C, Stahl RA, Ehmke H, Kurts C, Zipfel PF, Köhl J, Wenzel UOAm J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2016 Jun

  • CD103+ Kidney Dendritic Cells Protect against Crescentic GN by Maintaining IL-10-Producing Regulatory T Cells.

    Evers BD, Engel DR, Böhner AM, Tittel AP, Krause TA, Heuser C, Garbi N, Kastenmüller W, Mack M, Tiegs G, Panzer U, Boor P, Ludwig-Portugall I, Kurts CJ Am Soc Nephrol. 2016 Nov